مقاله


کد مقاله : 139512011015455002723

عنوان مقاله : Rural Migration in Iran and Its Consequences on Rural Communities

نشریه شماره : 20 Autumn 2016

مشاهده شده : 556

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Valiollah Rostamalizadeh v.rostamalizadeh@gmail.com Graduate PhD
2 ghorban hosseini ghorban.hosseni@gmail.com Graduate M.Sc

چکیده مقاله

The aim of this article is that, first, what changes have occurred in the pattern of internal migration in Iran; secondly, what is the impact of this migration on rural communities and, finally, What are the future prospects in Iran's internal migration patterns. The method of this study, secondary analysis of data from population and housing censuses, sample surveys and other findings related to the topic under study. The results indicate that several changes in the pattern of Iran's internal migration occurred: First, reduce rural-urban migration and the subsequent increase in immigration from urban to urban; second, the decline in migration from the urban to the rural and from rural to rural and the It also reduced the total amount of immigration to the rural. Therefore these changes show that internal migration patterns are changing in Iran and immigration and attracting migrates from the rural areas has been reduced and has been oriented towards the cities. This indicates that the rural young people who are prone to migration are declining. Given that a large percentage of urban-rural immigrants are middle-aged people, the result is that the proportion of elderly population in rural areas has increased as well as the active population and employed in agriculture has decreased. The results of this study show that the pattern of internal migration in Iran is changing to the urban hierarchy as well as emigration. So the future prospects for Immigration Studies in Iran, including considering the migration from city to city, and its challenges and positive points.