مقاله


کد مقاله : 139805285003774

عنوان مقاله : Analysis of Elements and Components of Individual Identity in Iran

نشریه شماره : 27 Summer 2018

مشاهده شده : 449

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Mohammad Solgi solgy2042@yahoo.com Associate Professor PhD
2 Bahram Saleh Sedghpour bahramsaleh@gmail.com Assistant Professor -
3 Hossein Heidari hs.heidari@yahoo.com Post Graduate Student M.A
4 Ehsan AghapourHeidari es_aghapour@yahoo.com Post Graduate Student M.A

چکیده مقاله

Identity is a complex, multidimensional and multiplicative issue while having a relative stability, it is constantly changing and transforming. The world around us, values, attitudes, norms, the economic and political sphere and everything that is surrounding the social life contribute to form the construction of the individual identity. The individual identity expresses the similarities of individuals within a community, despite expressing the distinctions of individuals in a community with those of other communities. The purpose of this study is to extract the main elements of Iranians' individual identity. The research method is survey and the statistical society includes people over 16 years old in provincial centers of the country. The sample size is 1300 samples that are selected by multi-stage sampling and systematic random through the provincial centers of the country. Findings show that the thirteen main factors namely, the role of cyberspace, mass communication, Iranianism, nationalism, the importance of national rituals, the importance of ethnic culture, individual differentiation, emotional differentiation, the importance of religion, the importance of ethnic community, traditional values and the importance of ethnic land are all together the main elements of forming the individual identity. Meanwhile, the elements of the importance of ethnic land, perfectionism, the importance of traditional values and mass communications play a greater role in constructing individual identity than other factors. The results indicate that these elements change in terms of gender and ethnicity and these two factors play a decisive role in determining some elements of individual identity.